DataTables合并单元格(rowspan)的实现思路(多分组分类的图景)美学原理

向来上代码,原理在此以前的小说已经讲过了。http://www.cnblogs.com/hdwang/p/7115835.html

1.先看看效果

美学原理 1

 美学原理 2

 

2.html代码,含js代码

2.1 common.js

/**
 * Created by hdwang on 2017/6/23.
 */
var language = { "search": "", "sSearch" : "搜索", "sUrl" : "", "sProcessing" : "正在加载数据...", "sLengthMenu" : "显示_MENU_条 ", "sZeroRecords" : "没有您要搜索的内容",
    "sInfo" : "从_START_ 到 _END_ 条记录——总记录数为 _TOTAL_ 条", "sInfoEmpty" : "记录数为0", "sInfoFiltered" : "(全部记录数 _MAX_  条)", "sInfoPostFix" : "",
    "oPaginate": { "sFirst" : "第一页", "sPrevious" : " 上一页 ", "sNext" : " 下一页 ", "sLast" : " 最后一页 " }
};

/**
 * 将参数对象转换成url查询参数
 * @param params 参数对象
 * @returns {string} url查询参数
 */
function getUrlParams(params) {
    var queryStr = '';
    var isFirstParam = true;
    for(var key in params){
        if(isFirstParam){
            queryStr += key + '=' + params[key];
            isFirstParam = false;
        }else{
            queryStr += '&' + key + '=' + params[key];
        }
    }
    return queryStr;
}

 

2.2 home.ftl

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="zh-CN">
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
    <!-- 上述3个meta标签*必须*放在最前面,任何其他内容都*必须*跟随其后! -->
    <title>cpm system</title>

    <!-- Bootstrap -->
    <link href="/thirdlib/bootstrap/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet">

    <!-- datatables -->
    <link href="/thirdlib/datatables/css/jquery.dataTables.min.css" rel="stylesheet"/>

    <link href="/css/common.css" rel="stylesheet" />
</head>
<body>


<div id="tableArea" style="padding: 100px;">

<div>
    <a href="/home/export">导出</a>
</div>


    <table id="rowspanTable" class="table table-bordered">
        <thead>
            <th>地区</th>
            <th>公司</th>
            <th>部门</th>
            <th>员工姓名</th>
        </thead>
    </table>

</div>

</body>

<!-- jQuery (necessary for Bootstrap's JavaScript plugins) -->
<script src="/thirdlib/jquery/jquery-2.0.3.min.js"></script>
<!-- Include all compiled plugins (below), or include individual files as needed -->
<script src="/thirdlib/bootstrap/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>

<!-- datatables -->
<script src="/thirdlib/datatables/js/jquery.dataTables.min.js"></script>

<script src="/js/common.js"></script>

<script type="text/javascript">
    $(function(){

        $('#rowspanTable').dataTable( {
            "paging": true,
            "processing": true,
            "serverSide": true,
            "searching":false, //搜索栏
            "lengthChange" : false, //是否允许改变每页显示的数据条数
            "pageLength": 10, //每行显示记录数
            "info":true, //开启Datatables信息显示(记录数等)
            "ordering":false, //全局定义是否启用排序,优先级比columns.orderable高
            "language": language,
            "ajax": {
                "url": "/home/query",
                "type": "POST"
            },
            "columns": [
                {"data":"area", "orderable": false,"searchable": false},
                { "data": "company", "orderable": false ,"searchable": false},
                { "data": "department", "orderable": false,"searchable": false },
                { "data": "userName", "orderable": false ,"searchable": false}
            ],
            "columnDefs": [{
                targets: [0,1,2], //第1,2,3列
                createdCell: function (td, cellData, rowData, row, col) {
                    var rowspan = 1;
                    if(col == 0){
                        rowspan = rowData.areaRowSpan;
                    }
                    if(col ==1){
                        rowspan = rowData.companyRowSpan;
                    }
                    if(col ==2){
                        rowspan = rowData.departmentRowSpan;
                    }

                    if (rowspan > 1) {
                        $(td).attr('rowspan', rowspan)
                    }
                    if (rowspan == 0) {
                        $(td).remove();
                    }
                }
            }]
        } );


    });

</script>

</html>

 

3.后台代码

3.1 分页参数对象

package com.xincheng.cpm.common;

/**
 * Created by hdwang on 2017/6/22.
 * 分页参数
 */
public class PageParam {

    /**
     * 第几次绘画(前端标识)
     */
    private int draw;

    /**
     * 起始记录(从0开始),mysql也是从0开始,吻合,good!
     */
    private int start;

    /**
     * 页大小
     */
    private int length;

    public int getDraw() {
        return draw;
    }

    public void setDraw(int draw) {
        this.draw = draw;
    }

    public int getStart() {
        return start;
    }

    public void setStart(int start) {
        this.start = start;
    }

    public int getLength() {
        return length;
    }

    public void setLength(int length) {
        this.length = length;
    }

    /**
     * 第几页(0-n)
     */
    public int getPage(){
        return this.start/this.length;
    }
}

 

3.2 数据重回对象

package com.xincheng.cpm.common;

import java.util.List;

/**
 * Created by hdwang on 2017/6/22.
 * 表格数据(datatables)
 */
public class TableData<T> {

    /**
     * 第几次绘画(前端标识)
     */
    private int draw;

    /**
     * 行过滤(不知道干嘛的)
     */
    private int recordsFiltered;

    /**
     * 总行数
     */
    private int recordsTotal;

    /**
     * 行数据
     */
    private List<T> data;

    /**
     * 起始记录(用于前端初始化序列号用的)
     */
    private int start;

    /**
     *  错误信息
     */
    private String error;

    public int getDraw() {
        return draw;
    }

    public void setDraw(int draw) {
        this.draw = draw;
    }

    public int getRecordsFiltered() {
        return recordsFiltered;
    }

    public void setRecordsFiltered(int recordsFiltered) {
        this.recordsFiltered = recordsFiltered;
    }

    public int getRecordsTotal() {
        return recordsTotal;
    }

    public void setRecordsTotal(int recordsTotal) {
        this.recordsTotal = recordsTotal;
    }

    public List<T> getData() {
        return data;
    }

    public void setData(List<T> data) {
        this.data = data;
    }

    public int getStart() {
        return start;
    }

    public void setStart(int start) {
        this.start = start;
    }

    public String getError() {
        return error;
    }

    public void setError(String error) {
        this.error = error;
    }
}

 

 3.3 数据实体对象

package com.xincheng.cpm.common;

import java.io.Serializable;

/**
 * Created by hdwang on 2017/7/14.
 */
public class Member{

    private String area;
    private String company;
    private String department;
    private String userName;

    private Integer areaRowSpan;
    private Integer companyRowSpan;
    private Integer departmentRowSpan;


    public Member(String area,String company,String department,String userName){
        this.area = area;
        this.company = company;
        this.department = department;
        this.userName = userName;
    }

    public String getArea() {
        return area;
    }

    public void setArea(String area) {
        this.area = area;
    }

    public String getCompany() {
        return company;
    }

    public void setCompany(String company) {
        this.company = company;
    }

    public String getDepartment() {
        return department;
    }

    public void setDepartment(String department) {
        this.department = department;
    }

    public String getUserName() {
        return userName;
    }

    public void setUserName(String userName) {
        this.userName = userName;
    }

    public Integer getAreaRowSpan() {
        return areaRowSpan;
    }

    public void setAreaRowSpan(Integer areaRowSpan) {
        this.areaRowSpan = areaRowSpan;
    }

    public Integer getCompanyRowSpan() {
        return companyRowSpan;
    }

    public void setCompanyRowSpan(Integer companyRowSpan) {
        this.companyRowSpan = companyRowSpan;
    }

    public Integer getDepartmentRowSpan() {
        return departmentRowSpan;
    }

    public void setDepartmentRowSpan(Integer departmentRowSpan) {
        this.departmentRowSpan = departmentRowSpan;
    }
}

 

3.4 导出相关类

package com.xincheng.cpm.common;

/**
 * Created by hdwang on 2017/7/14.
 */
public class ExcelData {
    private String value;//单元格的值
    private int colSpan = 1;//单元格跨几列
    private int rowSpan = 1;//单元格跨几行
    private boolean alignCenter;//单元格是否居中,默认不居中,如果选择是,则水平和上下都居中
    public boolean isAlignCenter() {
        return alignCenter;
    }
    public void setAlignCenter(boolean alignCenter) {
        this.alignCenter = alignCenter;
    }
    public String getValue() {
        return value;
    }
    public void setValue(String value) {
        this.value = value;
    }
    public int getColSpan() {
        return colSpan;
    }
    public void setColSpan(int colSpan) {
        this.colSpan = colSpan;
    }
    public int getRowSpan() {
        return rowSpan;
    }
    public void setRowSpan(int rowSpan) {
        this.rowSpan = rowSpan;
    }
}

package com.xincheng.cpm.common;

import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Cell;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.CellStyle;
import org.apache.poi.ss.util.CellRangeAddress;
import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFFont;
import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFRow;
import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFSheet;
import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFWorkbook;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * Created by hdwang on 2017/7/14.
 */
public class ExcelUtil {


    /**
     * 生成excel工作簿
     * @param sheetTitle sheet名称
     * @param titles 标题
     * @param rows 行数据
     * @return 工作簿
     */
    public XSSFWorkbook execute(String sheetTitle,String[] titles,List<List<ExcelData>> rows) {
        //定义工作簿
        XSSFWorkbook workbook = new XSSFWorkbook();

        //th样式
        CellStyle titleStyle = workbook.createCellStyle();
        titleStyle.setBorderBottom((short) 1);
        titleStyle.setBorderRight((short)1);
        titleStyle.setBorderLeft((short)1);
        titleStyle.setBorderTop((short)1);
        titleStyle.setVerticalAlignment((short)1);
        titleStyle.setAlignment((short)2);
        XSSFFont font = workbook.createFont();
        font.setBold(true);
        titleStyle.setFont(font);
        //td样式
        CellStyle style = workbook.createCellStyle();
        style.setBorderBottom((short)1);
        style.setBorderRight((short)1);
        style.setBorderLeft((short)1);
        style.setBorderTop((short)1);
        style.setVerticalAlignment((short)1);

        //创建工作表
        XSSFSheet sheet = workbook.createSheet(sheetTitle);
        sheet.setDefaultRowHeightInPoints(20.0F);

        //创建标题行
        XSSFRow titleRow = sheet.createRow(0);


        for(int col=0;col<titles.length;col++) { //遍历列
            Cell cell = titleRow.createCell(col);
            cell.setCellStyle(titleStyle);
            cell.setCellValue(titles[col]);

            for(int row=0;row<rows.size();row++){ //遍历行
                int rowIndex = row+1;
                XSSFRow contentRow = sheet.getRow(rowIndex);
                if(contentRow == null){
                    contentRow = sheet.createRow(rowIndex);
                }
                ExcelData data = rows.get(row).get(col);
                Cell contentRowCell = contentRow.createCell(col);
                contentRowCell.setCellStyle(style);
                contentRowCell.setCellValue(data.getValue());
                //合并单元格
                if (data.getColSpan() > 1 || data.getRowSpan() > 1) {
                    CellRangeAddress cra = new CellRangeAddress(rowIndex, rowIndex + data.getRowSpan() - 1, col, col + data.getColSpan() - 1);
                    sheet.addMergedRegion(cra);
                }
            }
        }

        return workbook;
    }
}

 

 

3.5 controller层

package com.xincheng.cpm.controller;

import com.chenrd.common.excel.ExportExcel;
import com.xincheng.cpm.common.*;
import com.xincheng.cpm.entity.cpm.User;
import com.xincheng.cpm.service.UserService;
import com.xincheng.cpm.vo.IncomeDailyVO;
import org.apache.commons.lang3.StringUtils;
import org.apache.poi.xssf.usermodel.XSSFWorkbook;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.data.domain.Page;
import org.springframework.data.domain.PageImpl;
import org.springframework.data.domain.PageRequest;
import org.springframework.data.domain.Pageable;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;
import org.springframework.ui.ModelMap;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMethod;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.ResponseBody;

import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpSession;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.OutputStream;
import java.net.URLEncoder;
import java.util.*;

/**
 * Created by hdwang on 2017/6/19.
 */
@Controller
@RequestMapping("/home")
public class HomeController {

    @Autowired
    UserService userService;

    @RequestMapping("")
    public String index(HttpSession session, ModelMap map, HttpServletRequest request){
        User user = (User) session.getAttribute("user");
        map.put("user",user);
        return "home";
    }


    @RequestMapping(value="/query",method= RequestMethod.POST)
    @ResponseBody
    public TableData<Member> getUserByPage(PageParam pageParam, User user){
        Page<Member> userPage = this.getMembers(pageParam);
        TableData<Member> datas = new TableData<>();
        datas.setDraw(pageParam.getDraw());
        datas.setStart(pageParam.getStart());
        datas.setData(userPage.getContent());
        datas.setRecordsFiltered((int)userPage.getTotalElements());
        datas.setRecordsTotal((int)userPage.getTotalElements());
        return datas;
    }

    private Page<Member> getMembers(PageParam pageParam) {
        //1.模拟数据库查询
        Pageable pageable = new PageRequest(pageParam.getPage(), pageParam.getLength());
        long count = 6;
        List<Member> members = getMembersFromDb();

        //2.计算rowspan
        this.countRowspan(members);


        Page<Member> memberPage = new PageImpl<Member>(members,pageable,count);
        return memberPage;
    }

    private void countRowspan(List<Member> members) {
        Map<String,Integer> propertyCountMap = this.countPropertyCount(members);
        List<String> hadGetKeys = new ArrayList<>(); //曾经取过的key
        for(Member member:members){
            String areaKey = member.getArea();
            String companyKey = areaKey+member.getCompany();
            String departmentKey = companyKey+ member.getDepartment();

            Integer areaCount = propertyCountMap.get(areaKey);
            if(areaCount == null){
                member.setAreaRowSpan(1);
            }else{
                if(hadGetKeys.contains(areaKey)){
                    member.setAreaRowSpan(0); //曾经取过
                }else{
                    member.setAreaRowSpan(areaCount); //第一次取
                    hadGetKeys.add(areaKey);
                }
            }

            Integer companyCount = propertyCountMap.get(companyKey);
            if(companyCount == null){
                member.setCompanyRowSpan(1);
            }else {
                if(hadGetKeys.contains(companyKey)){
                    member.setCompanyRowSpan(0);
                }else{
                    member.setCompanyRowSpan(companyCount);
                    hadGetKeys.add(companyKey);
                }
            }

            Integer departmentCount = propertyCountMap.get(departmentKey);
            if(companyCount == null){
                member.setDepartmentRowSpan(1);
            }else {
                if(hadGetKeys.contains(departmentKey)){
                    member.setDepartmentRowSpan(0);
                }else{
                    member.setDepartmentRowSpan(departmentCount);
                    hadGetKeys.add(departmentKey);
                }
            }
        }
    }

    private List<Member> getMembersFromDb() {
        Member member1 = new Member("安徽","A","人力资源部"," 小红");
        Member member2 = new Member("安徽","B","人力资源部"," 小明");
        Member member3 = new Member("浙江","C","人力资源部"," 小君");
        Member member4 = new Member("浙江","C","技术部"," 小王");
        Member member5 = new Member("浙江","D","技术部"," 小李");
        Member member6 = new Member("浙江","D","人力资源部"," 小刚");
        List<Member> members = new ArrayList<>();
        members.add(member1);
        members.add(member2);
        members.add(member3);
        members.add(member4);
        members.add(member5);
        members.add(member6);
        return members;
    }

    /**
     * 统计每个字段的每组成员个数
     * @param rows  记录
     * @return 每个字段的每组成员个数
     */
    private Map<String,Integer> countPropertyCount(List<Member> rows){

        Map<String,Integer> propertyCountMap = new HashMap<>();

        for(Member member:rows){
            // "area": 无父级分组
            String area = member.getArea();
            if(propertyCountMap.get(area) == null){
                propertyCountMap.put(area,1);
            }else{
                int count = propertyCountMap.get(area);
                propertyCountMap.put(area,count+1);
            }

            // "company":有area父组
            String company = member.getCompany();
            String uniqueParent = member.getArea();
            String key = uniqueParent + company;
            if(propertyCountMap.get(key) == null){
                propertyCountMap.put(key,1);
            }else{
                int count = propertyCountMap.get(key);
                propertyCountMap.put(key,count+1);
            }

            // "department": 有area,company这两个父组
            String department = member.getDepartment();
            uniqueParent = member.getArea()+member.getCompany();
            key = uniqueParent + department;
            if(propertyCountMap.get(key) == null){
                propertyCountMap.put(key,1);
            }else{
                int count = propertyCountMap.get(key);
                propertyCountMap.put(key,count+1);
            }
        }

        return propertyCountMap;
    }


    @RequestMapping("/export")
    public void export(HttpServletResponse response) throws IOException {
        List<Member> members = this.getMembersFromDb();
        this.countRowspan(members);

        List<List<ExcelData>> rows = new ArrayList<>();
        for(Member member:members){
            List<ExcelData> row = new ArrayList<>();
            ExcelData col1 = new ExcelData();
            col1.setValue(member.getArea());
            col1.setRowSpan(member.getAreaRowSpan());
            row.add(col1);

            ExcelData col2 = new ExcelData();
            col2.setValue(member.getCompany());
            col2.setRowSpan(member.getCompanyRowSpan());
            row.add(col2);

            ExcelData col3 = new ExcelData();
            col3.setValue(member.getDepartment());
            col3.setRowSpan(member.getDepartmentRowSpan());
            row.add(col3);

            ExcelData col4 = new ExcelData();
            col4.setValue(member.getUserName());
            row.add(col4);

            rows.add(row);
        }

        OutputStream outputStream = response.getOutputStream();
        try {
            String filename = URLEncoder.encode("员工" + ".xlsx", "UTF-8");
            response.setContentType("application/vnd.ms-excel");
            response.addHeader("Content-Disposition", "octet-stream;filename=" + filename);

            ExcelUtil excelUtil = new ExcelUtil();
            XSSFWorkbook workbook = excelUtil.execute("sheet1",new String[]{"地区","公司","部门","员工姓名"},rows);
            workbook.write(outputStream);
        } finally {
            if (outputStream != null) outputStream.close();
        }
    }




}

导出excel功用利用poi类库实现。至此,页面展现和导出均OK!